Why 100vw causes horizontal scrollbar
Tepy Thai

Do you ever wonder why sometimes your site just has a horizontal scrollbar appears out of nowhere? Today I just ran into it again (as always 😆) and I somehow figured out how to remove it. So here is the step I took to debug and fix it.

  • Try the global border or outline color trick to find which element is causing it
* {
  border: 1px solid red;
}
  • Find elements with width bigger than the document's width (code from csstrick)
var docWidth = document.documentElement.offsetWidth;

[].forEach.call(document.querySelectorAll('*'), function (el) {
  if (el.offsetWidth > docWidth) {
    console.log(el);
  }
});
  • Most of the times, I always find the 100vw value on the width that cause the overflow. So, if that is the case, you can try replacing it with width: 100% instead and see if it works.

So, back to the title, why would 100vw be the cause? Well, the answer is:

When you set an element's width to 100vw, the element's width now will be the whole view width of the browser and the important part is 100vw does not include the vertical scrollbar's width into its calculation at all. Therefore, when there is a vertical scrollbar, the total width will be the sum of element's width and vertical scrollbar's width, which causes the horizontal scrollbar.

@2020,Tepy Thai